Grammatical Genders in Indian Languages

Regular price Rs. 299.00

Tax included.
Grammatical gender technically means a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.

We see that in North Indian languages like Hindi and Punjabi - all entities in the world are categorized as either masculine or feminine. Assamese, like Malayalam, has gendered pronouns.

Languages like Gujarati, Marathi, Kannada have three categories like Sanskrit for masculine, feminine, and neuter genders.

Tamil has a unique concept of Thinai where entities are categorized as Uyarthinai and Ahrinai - (Rational and Irrational). Humans, Gods, and Demons are Uyarthinai, and the rest everything is in Ahrinai. The first category has gender associated with it. The second category can be further classified as animate and inanimate (living and non-living) which have further specific word usage.

Malayalam, the youngest Dravidian language has no gender in the verbs, however, there are gendered pronouns. Telugu is interesting because technically it has three genders, but in practical usage, there are 2 - masculine and non-masculine.

Bengali, Odia, Assamese, and most NE languages except for Khasi have no grammatical genders.

Mundari languages do not have masculine and feminine differentiation (which is changing due to interaction with other gendered languages) but have a human-nonhuman gender difference.